Broken Trussrod

Here I show a complex repair when a truss rod needs to be replaced. 

This is a very demanding repair - please please please! Do not do it yourself - but give it to an experienced guitar builder! It should show you what effort is necessary in case of failure and you keep in mind what happens if you fiddle around with the neck nut without sense :-)

So clear thing. The nut was overdrawn and the soft iron rod tore off in the process. The neck showed a big bend forward with the ruler. What are reasons for the truss rod having to be readjusted and something like this happening?

To do this, you must first understand the function of the rod. I'll try it this way:
the strings are constantly trying to bend the neck forward with about 60kg. Although the neck with its wooden construction holds against it, in the long run a plastic change will result. The string action is then ruined.
If you now install a counterforce (truss rod) in such a way that it also pulls backwards with as much force as the strings pull forwards, both forces cancel each other out and the neck remains straight.

Several principles of truss rods exist side by side. The most common and cheapest is the simple steel rod, which is glued into a convex shaped milling. On one side is an anchor, on the other a nut. If you tighten the nut, the rod tries to straighten, intentionally bending the wood in the right direction.

Ripped off! Mother is tightened too much !!
More than 2mm bend to the front

So I have to remove the fingerboard, operate out the rod, install a new one, put the fingerboard back on.

Heating the glue joint
Lifting the hot fingerboard Lifting the hot fingerboard

The glue joint must be heated for a longer period of time. Then along the joint carefully lift off the fingerboard.

The slot for the rod is closed with a piece of maple. I expect the thickest thickness of material to be in the center. I use a Dremel and carefully mill deeper piece by piece.

Reaming the rod cover Undercut the channel

Surprise!!! The rod is the same depth in everywhere! This is normally the slot for a combination rod. When the nut is tightened, there is no counter force at all, the wood is just pressed together. It can't work like that!!!
For me, this is a design or manufacturing defect and also the reason why this damage occurred.

Front 8mm Mid 8mm Rear 8mm

Okay, but it still has to come out. To do this, I cut a thread, turn a screw into it and pull the rod out with a strong pair of pliers.

Thread for lifting Raising the anchor
Exposed Staff Rod out!

Here the anchor and also the fracture in detail.

Anchor the rod Breaking point of the rod
new dual rod inside

The new rod pocket is milled. Damage from removing the fingerboard is also repaired now.

Repairing wood defects

The fingerboard is realigned, fixed with small nails and then glued with hide glue against a straight support.

Aligning the fingerboard Gluing of the fingerboard

The excess glue is removed, the edges are broken and now the color must be brushed again (Touch Up).

Touch Up the Pages Touch Up the Pages

Frets are trued, all parts are reattached, strings are put on and all final adjustments are made. Done.

And again - keep your hands off the truss rod if you don't know what's behind it!